Vehicle-to-Grid technology balances energy consumption on the electric grid | Environment

Technology From vehicle to network (V2G) allowsbalancing energy consumption on the power gridreduce operating costs and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

Technology makes it possible to transfer the energy stored in the battery pack of a battery electric vehicle to a power grid.

In addition to stabilizing the electrical network, the energy stored in the battery of battery-powered electric vehicles also powers it, facilitating the management of energy demand during peak consumption and in emergency situations.

Battery electric vehicles can actively contribute to stabilizing their local power grid.

The V2G function also makes it possible to balance the supply of the local electricity network.

The power grid distributes solar and wind power directly to users.

By applying V2G technology, renewable energy can be stored in battery electric vehicles and returned to the electricity grid at times when this electricity cannot be generated, for example at night or when there is no wind, or again during peak consumption.

To be compatible with the V2G function, battery electric vehicles must be equipped with appropriate equipmentsuch as a bi-directional on-board charger allowing energy to be transferred to and from the battery pack, and appropriate software able to monitor battery discharge.

The bi-directional energy transfer promotes more active electricity consumption knowing that battery electric vehicles can be used for purposes other than passenger transport.

Since only a certain percentage of the battery’s capacity is used for driving, residual energy can be returned to the power grid and harnessed by local power utilities.

Rather than relying on reserve power plants, which generate more air pollution, the power grid can rely on solar and wind power stored in the battery packs of battery electric vehicles.

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