Monkey pox: you have met an infected person, how do you know if you are in contact?

As the number of monkeypox cases continues to slowly increase in France, Santé Publique France has clarified the circumstances in which a person may be considered a contact case.

Cases of monkeypox are slightly more numerous in France on June 1, Public Health France said in a situation update on Wednesday.

So the country now has 33 confirmed cases of Monkeypox, the vast majority of which are in Ile-de-France. Occitania is the second most affected region with 4 cases. There are also 2 in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, 1 in Haut-de-France, 1 in Centre-Val de Loire and 1 case in Normandy.

Compulsory declaration

The fact that these cases do not seem to be linked to “people returning from endemic areas” suggests contamination in Europe and “constitutes an alert”, note public health France. In order to better monitor the evolution of the virus, France has set up a mandatory reporting system and is strengthening its prevention with health professionals.

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Monkey pox: what are the isolation rules if you have been infected, suspected case or contact case?

In a document, intended for health professionals for epidemiological investigations around suspected, probable and confirmed cases of Monkeypox, Public Health France details the criteria which make a person can be considered as a contact case.

It then distinguishes between two categories of contact persons: contact persons “at risk” and contact persons “at negligible risk”.

Contact person at risk

Is therefore considered as a risk contact case “any person who has had a direct unprotected physical contact with injured skin or body fluids of a probable or confirmed symptomatic casewhatever the circumstances including sexual intercourse, acts of medical or paramedical care, or sharing of toilet utensils, or contact with textiles (clothing, bath linen, bedding) or dirty dishes used by the probable case or confirmed symptomatic”.

But also, “anyone who has had unprotected contact within 2 meters for 3 hours with a probable or confirmed symptomatic case”. By these people, SPF means close or intimate friends, a person who shares your place of residence, with whom you have traveled a long distance, who works in the same office, the same class, the same gym…

Negligible risk contact person

This is a person who has been in contact with a probable or confirmed and symptomatic case in the same circumstances as detailed above, but with protective measures effective against direct physical contact.

By effective protective measures, SPF means “the wearing of waterproof gloves (latex, nitrile, rubber), and vis-à-vis respiratory contact are surgical masks and FFP2, and hygiaphones”.

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