Monkey pox: Twice as many cases of monkeypox spotted in Occitania

Released this Wednesday, June 1, Public Health France’s situation report on the spread of monkeypox in the country shows an acceleration of new cases. There are thus 33 cases identified in France, this Wednesday, it is 16 more than the day before.

The number of cases has therefore almost doubled in just over 24 hours in the country. Now, 6 regions are concerned. In Occitania, the cases have also doubled with now 4 patients.

There are 24 in Ile-de-France, 2 in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes; 1 in Haut-de-France, 1 in Centre-Val de Loire and 1 case in Normandy.

“To date, in Europe, these cases have occurred mainly, but not exclusively, in men who have sex with men (MSM), with no direct link to people returning from endemic areas”, specifies SPF.

In the usual absence of Monkeypox in Europe and of a link reported by the cases identified with a risk zone, “the current European context constitutes an alert and suggests contamination in Europe”.

How is the disease transmitted?

As a reminder, monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus. This zoonotic disease is usually transmitted to humans in forest areas of Central and West Africa by wild rodents or primates, but human-to-human transmission is also possible, particularly within the family home or in the care setting.

The Monkeypox virus can be transmitted by direct contact with lesions on the skin or mucous membranes of a sick person, as well as by droplets (saliva, sneezing, sputter, etc.). You can also become contaminated through contact with the patient’s environment (bedding, clothes, dishes, bath linen, etc.). “It is therefore important that the patients respect isolation for the entire duration of the disease (until the disappearance of the last crusts, most often 3 weeks)”, recalls Public Health France.

What symptoms?

Monkeypox virus infection most often begins with a fever, which is frequently high and accompanied by headaches, body aches and asthenia. After about 2 days, a blistering rash appears, made up of fluid-filled blisters that progress to drying out, crusting and then scarring. Itching may occur. The vesicles tend to be concentrated on the face, the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. The mucous membranes are also affected, in the mouth and the genital area. The lymph nodes are swollen and painful, under the jaw and in the neck.

The disease most often heals spontaneously, after 2 to 3 weeks but sometimes 4 weeks. The disease is more severe in children and in immunocompromised people. It can be complicated by superinfection of skin lesions or by respiratory, digestive, ophthalmological or neurological disorders.

“At this stage, the cases reported in Europe are mostly mild, and there are no reported deaths.”

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