A comparison between two coral reefs, one located quite far from the agglomerations, the other in the immediate vicinity of the city of Eilat experienced a very different state of health: the furthest away being in much better health than those located near the city. It is thanks to joint research by scientists from several universities that this observation was able to be established.
Corals contribute to the fishing and tourism industries, support the livelihoods of millions of people through jobs, help scientists develop drugs for the treatment of cancers and arthritis, and support 25% of life Marine. The ocean absorbed 29% of excess carbon dioxide emissions and coral reefs absorbed most of it, playing an important role in removing carbon dioxide from our atmosphere.
But corals are threatened by pollution, climate change, and other human and environmental impacts. And global warming, accelerated urbanization of coastal areas and coral bleaching – among other threats – are driving the decline and extinction of the world’s coral reefs.
Scientists from four major Israeli universities have found an innovative way to combine technology and science to help preserve coral reefs. In a joint research project, researchers from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Bar Ilan University, Tel Aviv University and Haifa University have developed a novel 3D printing method based on the natural structure of coral reefs off the southern coastal city of Eilat.
These croaux are the composition of several skills: 3D technology, which includes 3D printing, as well as 3D imaging and modeling. And then you have the kind of molecular aspect and molecular techniques, which aren’t very old, it’s recent technology that can be used to just take a sample of the environment, like water and structures and being able to understand exactly what grows or inhabits structures using environmental DNA. These components have been combined into what we call a 3D interface, which is really just a platform or an algorithm of these different technologies.