The first case identified last week is a 29-year-old man, living in Île-de-France, with no history of travel to a country where the virus is circulating. Two other patients have since been diagnosed, without their place of residence being specified. According to France 3, one of these two patients was taken care of on Sunday at the Croix-Rousse hospital. This man, returning from a trip to the Canary Islands, would have been isolated.
“To date, these cases have occurred mainly, but not exclusively, in men who have sex with men, without direct links with people returning from endemic areas.“, specified SPF in a press release. And the organization to specify that “infections by these viruses are subject to long-term monitoring through the mandatory notification system. Given the current alerts, the surveillance of these infections is reinforced by Public Health France and information and alert messages are sent to health professionals.“.
Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease usually transmitted to humans in forested areas of Central and West Africa by wild rodents or primates.”but human-to-human transmission is also possible, particularly within the family home or in a healthcare setting“, indicates Public Health France.
The virus can thus be transmitted by direct contact with skin lesions or mucous membranes of a sick person, as well as by droplets (saliva, sneezing, sputters, etc.). It is also possible to become contaminated through contact with the patient’s environment, in particular bedding, clothing, dishes, and bath linen. It is therefore important that patients respect isolation for the duration of the illness, which lasts about three weeks.
Note that infection with the virus begins with a fever, often high and accompanied by headaches, body aches and asthenia. “After about two days, a blistering rash appears, made up of fluid-filled blisters that progress to drying, crusting and then scarring. Itching may occur. The blisters are more concentrated on the face, palms and soles of the feet. The mucous membranes are also affected, in the mouth and the genital area. The lymph nodes are swollen and painful, under the jaw and at the level of the neck”, recalls SPF.
The disease is mild in the vast majority of cases.